- John Spicer
- Given names
|Marriage||Mary … - View family|
Note: British Museum opens.
Note: George II dies, his grandson crowned George III.<br />French surrender Montreal to the British.<br />Wedgwood opens pottery works.
Note: Treaty of Paris ends the Seven Years' War. France cedes Canada and the Mississippi Valley to Britain.
Note: Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny.
Note: Arkwright invents a spinning machine.
Note: Arkwright's first spinning mill.
Note: Boston Tea Party.
Note: American Revolution begins.<br />Watt's first efficient steam engine.
Note: American colonies declare their independence.
Note: First steam powered mills. Crompton invents spinning mule.
Note: Cornwallis surrenders to Washington at Yorktown, Va.
Note: Peace treaty signed in Paris between Great Britain and the United States.
Note: Cartwright builds power loom.
Note: Coal gas first used for lighting.
Note: Bastille falls, French Revolution begins.
Note: Louis XVI executed in France. England and France at war.
Note: Battle of the Nile.
|Birth of a son|
| before 18 August 1799|
Pluckley, Kent, England
Note: Napoleon named First Consul of France.
|Baptism of a son|| 18 August 1799|
Pluckley, Kent, England
Note: Union of Great Britain and Ireland.
Note: Napoleon declared Emperor.
Note: Battle of Trafalgar.
Note: Napoleon captures Vienna.
Note: Prince of Wales named Regent to act for George III, now insane.<br />Luddite riots in the North and the Midlands. Laborers attack factories and break up the machines which they fear will replace them.
Note: Napoleon invades Russia.<br />War of 1812 between England and the United States.
Note: Treaty of Ghent ends Anglo-U.S. War.<br />England and allies invade France.<br />Napoleon exiled to Elba.
Note: Napoleon escapes Elba, begins the Hundred Days.<br />Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon exiled to St. Helena in the South Atlantic.<br />Corn Laws passed.
Note: Peterloo Massacre of Corn Law protestors.
Note: George IV succeeds George III on his death
Note: Napoleon dies.
|Marriage of a son||James Spicer - View family|
16 November 1822
Little Chart, Kent, England
daughter-in-law - Alice Luckhurst
Note: Peel establishes the Metropolitan Police.
Note: George IV dies, his brother William IV succeeds.<br />Manchester - Liverpool Railway (first in England).
Note: First Reform Bill: adds 10 pound/year householders to the voting rolls and reapportions Parliamentary representation much more fairly, doing away with most rotten and pocket boroughs. Adds 217,000 voters to an electorate of 435,000.
Note: Slavery abolished throughout the British Empire.<br />Factory Act.
Note: New Poor Law.<br />Houses of Parliament burn down.
Note: William IV dies, succeeded by his niece, Victoria.
Note: Regular Atlantic steamship service begins.
Note: Anti-Corn-Law League founded.
Note: Queen Victoria marries her cousin Albert, who becomes Prince Consort.<br />Penny post started.<br />S.F.B. Morse invents the telegraph.<br />Grammar Schools Act.
Note: Chartist Riots.<br />Copyright Act.<br />Potato Failure in Europe, starvation in Ireland. Corn Laws (which had kept up the price of grain) repealed.
Note: Gold discovered in California and Australia.
Note: Telegraph cable laid under English Channel.
Note: Great Exhibition (Crystal Palace).
Note: Crimean War.
Note: Livingston discovers Victoria Falls.
Note: The Mutiny (India).
Note: First Atlantic cable laid.
Note: Albert dies, Victoria retires into mourning.<br />American Civil War.
Note: Bismarck becomes Prussian premier.
Note: Geneva Convention establishes Red Cross.
Note: Telegraph cable laid under the Atlantic.<br />Second Reform Bill: enfranchises many workingmen, adds 938,000 to an electorate of 1,057,000 in England and Wales. (Disraeli's legislation)
Note: Suez Canal opened.
Note: Union Pacific Railway completed in U.S.
Note: Forster's Elementary Education Act establishes School Boards.<br />Franco-Prussian War.
Note: Trade unions legalised.<br />Newcastle engineers strike for a nine-hour day.<br />Germany unified.
Note: Victoria named Empress of India.<br />Edison invents the phonograph.<br />Compulsory school attendance in Great Britain.
Note: Transvaal annexed.